The Court Technology and Trial Presentation Blawg features articles, reviews and news of interest to lawyers and other legal professionals. This blog is published by Ted Brooks, a Trial Presentation and Legal Technology Consultant, Author and Speaker. Ted's trial experience includes the Los Angeles Dodgers divorce trial, People v. Robert Blake murder trial, and a hundreds of high profile, high value and complex civil matters.

All materials © Ted Brooks, unless otherwise indicated.

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Friday, April 14, 2017

Best Impeachment EVER!

LitigationWorld: Micro-Symposium on Valuable Lessons From Memorable Trials 

All trials have moments of drama from which litigators learn valuable lessons. This issue of LitigationWorld features a micro-symposium with six such lessons. These memorable trial events and resulting tips from Ted Brooks, Karen Koehler, Benjamin G. Shatz, Neil J. Squillante, Thomas H. Vidal, and Edward Zohn encompass courtroom decorum, direct testimony, cross examination, demonstrative evidence, impeachment, and trial strategy. (This was first published on Technolawyer's LitigationWorld newsletter. I have shared my contribution below, and would be happy to forward a copy of the entire newsletter email upon request. Email requests to

Ted Brooks, Impeachment Requires Diving Into the Details

There's nothing as game-changing in trial as a rock-solid impeachment of a key witness. In the Robert Blake murder trial, the media had already tried, convicted, and sentenced Mr. Blake. Everyone was convinced he would spend the rest of his life in jail. Well, everyone except for his attorney — M. Gerald Schwartzbach (and me, of course).

During trial prep, we had carefully inspected and reviewed all the photographic evidence, and we discovered many interesting things which would later be used in trial. It seems that nobody else spent the time and effort we had to see what was really in there.

So we have a lead detective on the witness stand, questioning him about the possibility of mishandling the evidence. Gerry (Schwartzbach) asks him if he was there at the dumpster, which was later emptied to find the murder weapon.

Our detective denied being there at or even near the dumpster, as we displayed the photo to the jury. Once Gerry got him committed and locked in to his story, using TrialDirector, we zoomed in on a tiny little area of the photo, showing him actually on the dumpster. The detective then stated, "Oh yeah, I guess I was there."

[Publisher's Note: For a detailed account of the Robert Blake trial, see Ted Brooks, Inside Robert Blake's High-Tech Defense, LitigationWorld (Apr 26. 2005)]

Ted Brooks is an award-winning Trial Presentation Consultant and blogger at Court Technology and Trial Presentation.

Jurors and Technology in Trial: What Were Once Vices Are Now Habits

Acquittal -- PRICELESS

Click here for a related article with additional photos showing this impeachment during the Robert Blake murder trial.

Friday, March 24, 2017

Battle of the Trial Presentation Apps

TechnoLawyer's LitigationWorld newsletter just published an excellent set of 9 different perspectives on trial presentation apps and software. Authors (limited to 175 words) include Ken Broda-Bahm, Ted Brooks (hey, that's me!), Russell Cardon, Mitch Jackson, Karen Koehler, Ian O'Flaherty, Timothy Piganelli, Jeff Richardson, and Thomas Vidal. If you're a subscriber, I welcome your comments and feedback here - from YOUR perspective. If you didn't receive it, I would be happy to forward the entire LitigationWorld email newsletter to you - just PM or email me your email address and I'll send it. My email is Once you've had a chance to read it, add your thoughts.
If you haven't already subscribed, you should - here is the URL:
For a preview, here's my part:
Ted Brooks, All of the Above: Use Each for Different Purposes
The key is knowing which tool is best for the job — regardless of the "hero" tales you might read.
An iPad is a great way to handle a modest amount of data, and I would not limit it to TrialPad. TrialDirector offers a free iPad app that will handle many of the basic trial presentation features. The problems I run into most often are either having too much stuff for the iPad to manage, or assuming the courtroom is going to be compatible with your iPad.
PowerPoint and Keynote are great, but unlike trial presentation software, they are linear by nature — slide 7 follows slide 6. This makes it cumbersome to randomly jump from one exhibit to another. I use these for Openings and Closings, since they are "scripted," and not as likely to need last-minute changes.
TrialDirector and other computer/laptop software is what the pros are using every day in trials across the nation. When it comes to trial presentation, this is the best and most capable suite of tools available for the job.
Ted Brooks is an award-winning Trial Presentation Consultant and blogger at Court Technology and Trial Presentation.

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

One Exhibit No Attorney Wants to See

One Exhibit You NEVER Want to See

(click to zoom in)

Can you recall watching some case where an exhibit like this might be appropriate? This is one trial exhibit you never want to see – at least as the Defendant in your own trial. I can tell you that I’ve seen plenty of cases where a client might have had a decent chance of prevailing, had they decided to try filing something like this.

With Florida recently joining, over half of the States have now adopted the revised version of Rule 1.1 in the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct. The original Rule 1.1 states: “A lawyer shall provide competent representation to a client. Competent representation requires the legal knowledge, skill, thoroughness and preparation reasonably necessary for the representation.” Fair enough.

The bonus comes in the “new” added language, which includes:

To maintain the requisite knowledge and skill, a lawyer should keep abreast of changes in the law and its practice, including the benefits and risks associated with relevant technology, engage in continuing study and education and comply with all continuing legal education requirements to which the lawyer is subject.

The exhibit shown here is not part of an actual Complaint. It was created specifically for this article. However, the risk is very real, given the significant advances and advantages of technology, coupled with the relatively slow adoption of state-of-the-art legal technology. That risk applies to its use in “competent representation.” Whether it would be something like dismissing the capabilities of e-Discovery, failure to search social media accounts, or suffering a devastating loss in trial because you didn’t have enough time to present your entire case (without using technology), this is not where any attorney wants to be – in the Defendant’s chair.

Note that Rule 1.1 doesn’t state that the attorney must know everything, but it does imply that counsel should at least know about everything. You don’t have to be an expert, but you may need to call one. There are readily-available experts in nearly every facet of legal technology.

Some language included in many complaints filed states the following at some point: “…knew, or should have known.” It can be pretty hard to get around that – especially when it is so clearly stated by the ABA.

Now, if you’re still looking for some good excuses, you might want to check out ten of the best I could come up with: “Why You Should NOT Use Technology in Your Trial.” Otherwise, please don’t be THAT attorney!

Friday, February 10, 2017

The Cost of Trial Experience

The Vanishing Civil Jury Trial - In case you’re the only one who hasn’t noticed, there seems to be a trend toward keeping litigation matters away from the eyes of a jury. This means fewer trials in the courts, followed by fewer attorneys with trial experience. Attorney Gary Gwilliam wrote about this in Plaintiff Magazine a few years ago.
The "Hot Seat"
Although many cases are settling or going to arbitration, there are times when an agreement simply cannot be reached. It’s not always a clear argument of right and wrong. If it were, there would be no need to litigate. If you have a good case, the fear of going to trial is not a good reason to surrender.

In the ongoing Oracle v. Google matter, U.S. District Judge William Alsup recently addressed the need for “the next generation of practitioners” to gain courtroom experience, stating, “The court will particularly welcome any lawyer with four or fewer years of experience to argue the upcoming motions.” See:

Experience is Everything - Even with fewer trials to go around, Trial Presentation Consultants and Trial Techs still find themselves in trial frequently – as it is their core business. Like other professions faced with a shrinking market, this has caused a refinement. While it might appear to be an attractive and lucrative business, it is often difficult for the newcomer to get actual trial experience. As with a good Trial Attorney, experience is everything. This results in the best rising to the top, and getting the most work.

In-house or Outsource - Although you might be comfortable handling your own technology or having your paralegal take care of it in some cases, there are those clients with trials that don’t justify using anyone without many years of courtroom technology experience. Since it becomes a full-time job, many in-house litigation support teams bring in help for complex and time-consuming matters.

Over the last 20 years, I’ve seen the whole in-house vs. outsource idea come full circle. Once a luxury reserved for only the largest firms, trial technology is now readily available to all. Although there are options, only those firms with an unusually high amount of trial work should need to hire full-time trial-support employees.

Costs and Vetting - If you do decide to go outside the walls of your firm, a typical trial day can run as much as $1500-$2000 or more, depending on the venue and who you’re working with. This might come to around $10k per trial week. For a rough idea on a two-week trial, adding some time for trial prep, you may be near $25k or so

That is a lot of money, and I would suggest performing a bit of due diligence, beyond just clicking the first paid ad link you find on Google. I’ve written a few articles intended to help in your vetting process:

The Greatest Asset - One of the most important benefits of working together with someone who (especially in these days of fewer trials) spends a great deal of time in the courtroom can be their level of familiarity and confidence in the whole process. I have heard many times that the “calm” nature of a good Trial Presentation Consultant was a greatly appreciated benefit. Please don’t hesitate to see how your provider measures up, or ask us for an estimate on your trial.

Ted Brooks 
Litigation-Tech LLC 
Los Angeles, San Francisco
888-907-4434 Toll-free
2016 Best Courtroom Presentation Providers Award

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

2017 Greatest Hits

We’ve shared a few “Greatest Hits” lists over the years, and so here’s the next installment. Although we get a great deal of traffic from Google and other web searches, we also have our “Top 10 This Week” list, a blog-specific Search feature, and of course, our Complete Archive Directory. All of these may be found to the right and below this article.

Rather than just another list of favorites, this is a topical directory of a few articles in each category, featuring several of the best articles on this blog. If you have a topic of interest, or are looking for something in particular, a search will likely bring several relevant results. Expanding the Archive tree may be a little less efficient for searching, but there you can see articles listed in the order they were originally published. Although we've limited each topic to 3 entries, there are a number of additional related articles in each category on the blog. 


Although cost is not the same as quality, it is something that everyone should be concerned about. Here are a few ideas on how to save a few bucks for your clients.

Damned if you do, damned if you don't. Claiming ignorance of technology these days just won't cut it, and many clients know this.

There are a number of great trial support providers these days, but there are also a few you might want to avoid. Here are a few things to look for.

This selection is intended for those in the trenches, or interested in how this all works. If you're inclined to be in the "hot seat," this series may help.

If you're a trial attorney or trial tech, you've probably seen an iPad in the courtroom presenting evidence. Although my personal position remains that a laptop is better for larger matters, an iPad can certainly handle the job in smaller cases. The article on the bottom was the first to cover TrialPad, which remains the most popular app for trial presentation.

Here are a few of the most popular interviews in this series. There are several others.

These are the top 3 articles on the blog. Two of them are directories of LinkedIn groups for attorneys and legal professionals, and one is about a revolutionary wireless iPad keyboard.

I hope you've enjoyed this list, and save the link for future reference. Feel free to add your comments here, request additional info, suggest future article topics, etc.